Last month, while returning from Mussoorie, I stopped at a small manual jaggery manufacturing unit along the highway. I asked them about the process of making jaggery, took some photos and also recorded a video. In this post, I’ll be telling you how jaggery is made.
You can view the video on my YouTube channel drnikhil143.
Jaggery or Gur is made by boiling and concentrating sugarcane juice. Sugarcane industry is quite well developed in India and plays an important role in Indian economy. Today there are numerous automated jaggery plants but still manual manufacturing is also carried out widely. It is a simple process and doesn’t requires any heavy machinery. It is a good source of rural employment in sugarcane producing regions like U.P, Maharashtra, Gujarat, etc.
The process of jaggery making is as described below:
- Firstly, the sugarcane is crushed in a big crusher to extract the juice.
- The juice is then transferred to a settling tank to separate the dirt and impurities.
- The filtered juice is then put into large thick and shallow iron boiling pans kept over furnace.
- The sugarcane juice is boiled while being stirred continuosly so as to avoid it sticking to the pans.
- While boiling, impurities which come to the surface of juice are removed continuosly.
- The juice is transferred from one pan to another while boiling. In this process the impurities which settle down are also removed.
- Boiling continues for few hours till the juice thickens into a golden brown paste..
- The paste is then transferred to a large flat pan to cool down. Here also it is continuosly moved to avoid sticking and to get a desired consistency.
- It is then moulded into different shapes and packed for selling in the market.
- Jaggery making is a simple but laborious process. This kind of manual unit doesn’t requires huge investments and can be set-up relatively easily.
Jaggery or Gur is a pure, unrefined and healthier form of sugar. It is also rich in iron as some iron gets absorbed into it from the boiling pans. Jaggery is consumed as it is and also used in making of many sweets.
Here are some photographs taken at the manufacturing unit:
Eat sweet, speak sweet!!