Tag Archives: Uttar Pradesh

Making of Gur or Jaggery

Last month, while returning from Mussoorie, I stopped at a small manual jaggery manufacturing unit along the highway. I asked them about the process of making jaggery, took some photos and also recorded a video. In this post, I’ll be telling you how jaggery is made.

You can view the video on my YouTube channel drnikhil143.

Jaggery or Gur is made by boiling and concentrating sugarcane juice. Sugarcane industry is quite well developed in India and plays an important role in Indian economy. Today there are numerous automated jaggery plants but still manual manufacturing is also carried out widely. It is a simple process and doesn’t requires any heavy machinery. It is a good source of rural employment in sugarcane producing regions like U.P, Maharashtra, Gujarat, etc.

The process of jaggery making is as described below:

  • Firstly, the sugarcane is crushed in a big crusher to extract the juice.
  • The juice is then transferred to a settling tank to separate the dirt and impurities.
  • The filtered juice is then put into large thick and shallow iron boiling pans kept over furnace.
  • The sugarcane juice is boiled while being stirred continuosly so as to avoid it sticking to the pans.
  • While boiling, impurities which come to the surface of juice are removed continuosly.
  • The juice is transferred from one pan to another while boiling. In this process the impurities which settle down are also removed.
  • Boiling continues for few hours till the juice thickens into a golden brown paste..
  • The paste is then transferred to a large flat pan to cool down. Here also it is continuosly moved to avoid sticking and to get a desired consistency.
  • It is then moulded into different shapes and packed for selling in the market.
  • Jaggery making is a simple but laborious process. This kind of manual unit doesn’t requires huge investments and can be set-up relatively easily.

Jaggery or Gur is a pure, unrefined and healthier form of sugar. It is also rich in iron as some iron gets absorbed into it from the boiling pans. Jaggery is consumed as it is and also used in making of many sweets.

Here are some photographs taken at the manufacturing unit:

Eat sweet, speak sweet!!

Short trip to Taj Mahal

As everyone knows, Taj Mahal is one of the Wonders of the World and recently ranked among top three Landmarks in the World. It is the pride of India and a symbol of Love.

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I had visited Taj long time back when I was a kid and always wanted to visit again. This week finally I went to see Taj Mahal while going to Dhaulpur (Rajasthan) for my friend’s wedding. I was really amazed to see such a marvellous and beautiful monument. I could imagine the tremendous planning and hard work that had been put into constructing the beautiful landmark, and that too in those times, without any sophisticated tools and machinery. I will surely visit it again and again!

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I will take you through the pictorial tour of Taj Mahal with some useful information:

How to reach (from New Delhi)

  • By Road: 215 Kms, around 3-4 hrs via Yamuna Expressway (Toll Tax Rs. 300-400 for private vehicle). 8-lane highway, Speed limit 100kmph. Restaurants and restrooms available on the way.
  • By Train: Agra Cantt. is the nearest station with no. of trains connecting to New Delhi. Bhopal Shatabdi (12002) at 6:00am takes just 2 hrs from New Delhi to Agra. Taj Express (12280) at 7:05am takes 3 hrs from Hazrat Nizamuddin. Both these return back in the evening.
  • By Air: Air India operates flights between New Delhi and Agra, but there isn’t any point when you can reach in same time at lower costs.

Where to stay- There are a number of hotels in Agra ranging from Budget to 5 Star ones, you can check on TripAdvisor for ratings.

General Information-

  • Car parking is about 1 km away from Taj Mahal entrance, battery-operated autos are available for hire from there. You can also take a camel ride to the Taj Mahal from there.
  • It is good to hire a guide but don’t forget to bargain well.
  • Entry Tickets: Rs. 20 for Indians, Rs. 750 for Foreigners and free for children below 15yrs of age.
  • Audio Guides are available for Rs. 71 per person. These are very informative if you have time to listen. Alternatively, you can look to  Audio Compass Apps for iOS and Android.
  • Shoes are not allowed inside the Taj Mahal. Facility is available to keep your shoes or you can buy a shoe cover if you don’t want to remove the shoes.
  • Eatables are not allowed inside.
  • Timings: Sunrise to Sunset, Fridays closed.
  • Other things to see: Agra Fort, Fatehpur Sikri (45kms/about 1hr drive) and the Fort of Itmad-Ud-Daulah, also known as Baby Taj Mahal.
  • Click for Official website of the Taj Mahal.

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Waah Taj !!